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37th Annual AAAS Forum on Science and Technology Policy
April 26-27, 2012
Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center
Washington, DC
Thursday, April 26
7:45 a.m. Registration Opens

8:30 Welcome
Alan I. Leshner, Chief Executive Officer, AAAS; Executive Publisher, Science


Moderator: Alan I. Leshner, Chief Executive Officer, AAAS; Executive Publisher, Science

Keynote Address
John P. Holdren, Assistant to the President for Science and Technology; and Director, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy

A Conversation with the President’s Science Advisor 
Alan I. Leshner

AAAS Overview of R&D in the FY 2013 Proposed Budget
Matthew Hourihan, Director, R&D Budget Analysis Program, AAAS

Congress and the FY 2013 Budget
The Honorable Lamar Smith, Member, U.S. House of Representatives (R-TX); Chair, Judiciary Committee; Member, Committees on Science, Space, and Technology, and Homeland Security 

The Global Economic and Political Picture

David Rothkopf, CEO and Editor-at-Large, Foreign Policy Magazine; and President and CEO, Garten Rothkopf

12:15 p.m. Luncheon

Presiding: Shirley M. Malcom, Director, Education and Human Resources Programs, AAAS 

Address: S. James Gates, Jr.
, John S. Toll Professor of Physics; and Director, Center for String and Particle Physics, University of Maryland-College Park; and Member, President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology

(A) How Voters Actually Think About Issues
How voters receive and process information about public policy issues • Evidence from cognitive psychology, neuroscience, surveys of voter behaviorWhat implications might this evidence have for how scientists should engage with the public?
Moderator: Michael Brintnall, Executive Director, American Political Science Association

Shankar Vedantam, Science Correspondent, National Public Radio; and author of The Hidden Brain: How Our Unconscious Minds Elect Presidents, Control Markets, Wage Wars, and Save Our Lives

John R. Hibbing, Foundation Regents University Professor, Department of Political 
Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
(B) Start-up Tech Firms: Funding and Policy Challenges
• Role of government vs. private funding • Hurdles confronting start-ups • What are the most relevant policy issues for start-ups?
Moderator/Discussant: Richard Miller, Senior Vice President and Editor of NetNews, National Association of Seed & Venture Funds

Doug Rand, Senior Policy Advisor, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy

Julie Goonewardene, Associate Vice Chancellor for Innovation and Entrepreneurship, University of Kansas; and President, Kansas University's Center for Technology Commercialization 
(C) Why - and How - the Federal Budget Process Must Be Reformed
• The dysfunctional nature of the current federal budget process • Rational options for reform • Barriers to reform • Consequences of "business as usual"
Moderator: David Goldston, Director of Government Affairs, Natural Resources Defense Council

Alice M. Rivlin, Senior Fellow, Economic Studies, The Brookings Institution
Maya MacGuineas, President, Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget; and Director, Fiscal Policy Program, New America Foundation

Kenny Kraft
, Director, Legislative Affairs – Appropriations, The Boeing Company
3:30 Networking Break

4:00 Breakout Sessions, Continued
(D) When People are Research Subjects: Ethical and Policy Questions
• Panelists and audience will assess case studies involving human subjects in research • What would IRBs do? • How well does government policy match up with the demands of modern-day research involving human subjects?
Moderator: Jerry A. Menikoff, Director, Office for Human Research Protections, U.S. Department for Health and Human Services
Vivian Ota Wang, Program Director, National Human Genome Research Institute, National Institutes of Health

Heidi Li Feldman, Professor of Law; Co-Director, Joint Degree in Law and Philosophy, Georgetown University
Gwendolyn Reece, Director of Research, Teaching and Learning, American University Library
(E) R&D Evaluation During Tight Budget Times
• Using evaluations in public policy matters • Prioritizing among R&D investments • Learning from other nations' experiences 
Moderator: Dahlia Sokolov, Minority Staff Director, Subcommittee on Research and Science Education, Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, U.S. House of Representatives

Kaye Husbands Fealing, Senior Program Officer, Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council
John L. King, Resource, Environmental, and Science Policy Branch, Resource and Rural Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture
Jérôme Pischella, Science and Technology Counsellor, Embassy of Canada—Washington, DC
(F) Regulation and Communication of Risky Science: The Bird-Flu Papers as a Case Study 
• Case study: controversy over publication of research papers on the potential transmissibility of genetically modified H5N1 avian influenza viru
Moderator: Kavita Berger, former Associate Program Director, Center for Science, Technology, and Security Policy, AAAS
Lawrence O. Gostin, Linda D. and Timothy J. O’Neill Professor of Global Health Law; and Faculty Director, Center for Law and the Public’s Health, Georgetown University Law Center
Robert Cook-Deegan, Director, Center for Genome Ethics, Law, and Policy, Institute for Genome Sciences and Policy, and Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University
David Brown, Staff Writer, The Washington Post; and Supervising PhysicianBaltimore 
5:45 The William D. Carey Lecture (public invited)

Presiding:  Alan I. Leshner, Chief Executive Officer, AAAS, and Executive Publisher, Science

Address: "An Audacity of Imagination”

The Honorable Jeff Bingaman, Member, United States Senate (D-NM); Chairman, Committee on Energy and Natural Resources; Member, Committees on Finance; Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions; and Joint Economic Committee

6:45 Reception
Friday, April 27

8:00 a.m. Breakfast
Presiding: Mary Woolley, President, Research!America

Sally J. Rockey, Deputy Director for Extramural Research, National Institutes of Health
9:30 International Trends: A Long-Term View of the Future and Science & Technology’s Place In It  (Plenary Session)
• How key global trends may develop over the next 15-20 years to influence world events • Ranges of possibilities and potential discontinuities • Where science and technology fit in the larger picture
Moderator: Vaughan Turekian, Chief International Officer, AAAS 
John Regas, Strategic Futures Group, National Intelligence Council, Office of the Director of National Intelligence 
James Andrew Lewis, Director and Senior Fellow, Technology and Public Policy Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies
11:00 Coping with Bleak Budgets (Plenary Session)
The prospect of declining federal support for R&D • Responses by universities and other research institutions • New realities confronted by researchers
Moderator: Joanne Padrón Carney, Director, Office of Government Relations, AAAS
Kelvin K. Droegemeier, Vice President for Research, Regents’ Professor of Meteorology; Roger and Sherry Teigen Presidential Professor, University of Oklahoma
Carrie Wolinetz, Associate Vice President for Federal Relations, Association of American Universities

Raymund A. Paredes, Commissioner of Higher Education, Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board 

12:30 p.m. Luncheon  
Presiding: Norman Neureiter, Acting Director and Senior Advisor, Center for Science, Technology, and Security Policy, AAAS

Address: E. William Colglazier, Science and Technology Adviser to the Secretary of State
2:00 Can the U.S. Innovate Its Way to Jobs and Economic Recovery? (Plenary Session)
 • Does technological innovation really produce a net gain in jobs? • What kinds of innovation will best foster quality economic growth with growing employment? • The intersection of innovation and manufacturing • Are stronger national policies needed in these areas? 
Moderator: Edward Derrick, Chief Program Director, Center of Science, Policy, and Society Programs, AAAS 

Andrew P. McAfee
, Associate Director and Principal Research Scientist, Center for Digital Business, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; co-author of Race Against the Machine: How the Digital Revolution is Accelerating Innovation, Driving Productivity, and Irreversibly Transforming Employment and the Economy

Richard B. Freeman, Harvard University; and National Bureau of Economic Research 

Michael R. Nelson, Adjunct Professor, Internet Studies, Communication, Culture, and Technology Program, Georgetown University

3:30 Adjournment